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Background Note: The Coordinated Plan on Artificial Intelligence (AI) is at the heart of efforts to put the European AI vision into practice. It presents a concrete and unified set of key actions and defines focus areas. The 2021 review of the Coordinated Plan builds on the lessons and experience gathered in the implementation of its first 2018 edition.

This AI Watch report provides an in-depth comparative analysis of national AI strategies in Member States, Norway and Switzerland, and assesses how national strategies contribute to the achievement of the goals of the reviewed Coordinated Plan. One of the recommendations of the Coordinated Plan is the encouragement for all Member States to develop their national AI strategies.

The main takeaway of this report from the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) is that the EU and Member States are on the right track to seize the benefits and promote the development of human-centric, sustainable, secure, inclusive, and trustworthy artificial intelligence in Europe. This conclusion emerges from an in-depth comparative analysis of the national strategies in the categories and priorities agreed between the European Commission and Member States in the 2021 review of the Coordinated Plan.

The report may be beneficial for cybersecurity, information governance, and legal discovery professionals operating in the eDiscovery ecosystem and seeking to understand the strategic policy and implementation trajectory of AI in the European Union.

European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC) Technical Report*

AI Watch – National Strategies on Artificial Intelligence: A European Perspective

By Raquel Ester Jorge Ricart, Vincent Van Roy, Fiametta Rossetti, and Luca Tangi

Introduction Extract

In recent years the European Commission and Member States have joined forces to make the EU a world-class hub for artificial intelligence (AI), while ensuring that AI is human-centric and trustworthy, and grounded in European values and fundamental rights. To this end, all EU Member States and Norway signed a Declaration of cooperation on Artificial Intelligence in April 2018 to work together on the opportunities and challenges brought about by AI. The European Commission proposed a strategy on Artificial Intelligence for Europe, which was endorsed by the European Council in June 2018.

To increase synergies between national and EU level actions, the European Commission (EC) adopted a Coordinated Plan on Artificial Intelligence in December 2018 to maximize the impact of investments at the EU and national levels, encourage synergies and cooperation across the EU, including on ethics and foster the exchange of good practices. The plan was developed together with the Member States and it proposes joint actions for closer and more efficient cooperation between Member States, Norway, Switzerland, and the European Commission in key areas including increasing investment, making more data available, fostering talent, and ensuring trust.

A European approach to AI is further developed in the White paper on Artificial Intelligence – A European approach to excellence and trust, released in February 2020. The White paper presented policy options for a future EU regulatory framework for AI and announced the update of the Coordinated Plan on Artificial Intelligence.

As a next step, the European Commission adopted the 2021 review of the Coordinated Plan on Artificial Intelligence in April 2021. This builds on the lessons and experiences gathered in the implementation of the first Coordinated Plan from 2018 and the White Paper on Artificial Intelligence and puts forward a concrete set of joint actions for the European Commission and Member States on strengthening Europe’s leading position in the development of human-centric, sustainable, secure, inclusive and trustworthy AI. On the same day, the European Commission also released a legal framework on AI which addresses the risks of AI and proposes proportionate and flexible rules to address the specific risks posed by AI systems and set the highest standard worldwide.

The Coordinated Plan on AI is at the heart of putting the European AI vision into practice. It presents a concrete set of joint key actions and defines focus areas. One of the key actions in the Coordinated Plan is encouragement for all Member States to develop their national AI strategies. All Member States have made substantial efforts to develop national AI strategies or include AI dimensions in existing strategies and programs. As the technology and policy environment evolves, forerunners have already updated their initial strategies. Comprehensive analysis, maintaining updated situational overview, highlighting best practices that could be taken to the European level, and connecting actions with similar goals are vital to ensure the efforts invested in national strategies create synergies and maximize the impact of joint AI-action on the European level.

In support of the Coordinated Plan on Artificial Intelligence, the European Commission has launched the AI Watch initiative, its knowledge service to monitor the development, uptake, and impact of AI for Europe. This AI Watch report provides an in-depth comparative analysis of national AI strategies in Member States, Norway, and Switzerland, and assesses how national strategies contribute to the achievement of the goals of the reviewed Coordinated Plan. The report is structured along the categories and priorities agreed between the Commission and Member States in the Coordinated Plan on AI review 2021.

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Complete Publication: AI Watch – National Strategies on Artificial Intelligence: A European Perspective (PDF) – Mouseover to Scroll

AI Watch. National Strategies on Artificial Intelligence: A European Perspective. 2022 Edition


*Shared with permission.

Publication Source: Jorge Ricart, R., Van Roy, V., Rossetti, F., Tangi, L. (2022) AI Watch – National strategies on Artificial Intelligence: A European perspective, 2022 edition, EUR 31083 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2022, ISBN978-92-76-52910- 1, doi:10.2760/385851, JRC129123.

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